One more step forward has presumbly been made in the process of establishing a constitutional government in Iraq.

A majority of voters approved the constitution in the nationwide referendum held on Oct. 15, the officials said. But the vote was sharply divided along ethnic and sectarian lines. The biggest support came from Shiites and Kurds, who make up about 80 percent of the population, while Sunni Arabs largely rejected the document.

Looks like the makings for continuing civil unrest.

The last-minute approval of the constitution by one Sunni Arab group, the Iraqi Islamic Party, seems to have done little to win support among voters for the document. That approval came after American officials helped negotiate a compromise that would allow the constitution to be amended in the first four months of the new Parliament, to be elected in mid-December.

With that in mind, Sunni Arab leaders are now calling for participation in the elections. They say they fear that the constitution will lead to the break-up of Iraq, because it allows regions to separate from the central government into virtually independent entities. The Shiites and Kurds, who each control oil-rich areas in the south and north, pushed hard for the right to create autonomous regions.

Is there an inevitability to civil war for a fledgling nation?

History (our nation included) would seem to indicate that a nation oftentimes must be torn apart before proceeding to a mature establishment.

We’re seeing the infancy stage at this point for Iraq and all the trials and tribulations of “growing up,” lies ahead.

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