The divergent career paths of men and women may reflect a basic unfairness in what’s expected of them. It could be that a lot of mothers, if they had their way, would rather pursue careers but have to stay home with the kids because their husbands insist. Or it may be that for one reason or another, many mothers prefer to take on the lion’s share of child-rearing. In any case, the pay disparity caused by these choices can’t be blamed on piggish employers.
June O’Neill, an economist at Baruch College and former director of the Congressional Budget Office, has uncovered something that debunks the discrimination thesis. Take out the effects of marriage and child-rearing, and the difference between the genders suddenly vanishes. “For men and women who never marry and never have children, there is no earnings gap,” she said in an interview.
Interesting, no? And should we really care that there’s a wage gap if child rearing is skewing the numbers? After all, while mother’s can’t get paid for it, being a mom is probably one of the most important jobs to have.